Mitochondrial DNA variant interactions modify breast cancer risk

Abstract

Interactions between mitochondrial deoxyribonucleic acid (mtDNA) variants and the risk of developing breast cancer were investigated using DNA samples collected from non-Jewish European American breast cancer patients and ethnically age-matched female controls. Logistic regression was used to evaluate two-way interactions between 17 mtDNA variants. To control for multiple testing, empirical P values were calculated using permutation. Odds ratios (ORs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to measure the contribution of variants in modifying the risk of developing breast cancer. A highly significant interaction was identified between variants 12308G and 10398G (empirical P value = 0.0028), with results suggesting these variants increase the risk of a woman developing breast cancer (OR = 3.03; 95% CI 1.53–6.11). Nominal significant P values were also observed for interactions between mtDNA variants 709A and 16189C; 4216C and 10398G; 4216C and 16189C; 10398G and 16159C; 13368A and 16189C; and 14766T and 16519C. However, after adjusting for multiple testing, the P values did not remain significant. Although it is important to elucidate the main effect of mtDNA variants on the risk of developing breast cancer, understanding gene × gene interactions will give a greater knowledge of disease etiology and aid in interpreting a woman’s risk of developing breast cancer.

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Acknowledgments

This study was supported in part by NIH grant CA10023 and Department of Defense US Army Breast Cancer Research Program, DAMD17-01-1-0258.

Author information

Correspondence to Suzanne M. Leal.

Additional information

D. Covarrubias and R.-K. Bai contributed equally to this article.

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Covarrubias, D., Bai, R., Wong, L.C. et al. Mitochondrial DNA variant interactions modify breast cancer risk. J Hum Genet 53, 924–928 (2008) doi:10.1007/s10038-008-0331-x

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Keywords

  • Mitochondrial DNA
  • Breast cancer
  • Interaction

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