Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a heterogeneous disorder, and the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus is associated with both insulin secretion defect and insulin resistance. The primary metabolic defect leading to type 2 diabetes mellitus has been thought to be varied among populations, especially in Japanese and Caucasians. Here, we have done the genome-wide scan for type 2 diabetes mellitus using 102 affected Japanese sib-pairs to identify the genetic factors predisposing to type 2 diabetes mellitus. Nonparametric linkage analysis showed one suggestive evidence for linkage to 11p13-p12 [D11S905: two-point maximum LOD score (MLS) of 2.89 and multipoint MLS of 2.32] and one nominally significant evidence for linkage to 6q15-q16 (D6S462: two-point MLS of 2.02). Interestingly, the 11p13-p12 region was reported to be a susceptibility locus for Japanese type 2 diabetes mellitus with suggestive evidence of linkage, and D11S905 was within 5 cM to D11S935 with the highest MLS in the previous linkage analysis reported. The only overlapped susceptibility region with suggestive evidence of linkage for Japanese type 2 diabetes mellitus was D11S935-D11S905 among the three reports including this study. These results taken together suggest that a susceptibility gene for type 2 diabetes mellitus in Japanese will reside in 11p13-p12.