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Two deletion mutations in the hydroxymethylbilane synthase gene in two unrelated Japanese patients with acute intermittent porphyria

Abstract

Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) is an autosomal dominant inherited disease caused by a decreased activity of hydroxymethylbilane synthase (HMBS). Regarding the abnormalities of the HMBS gene, many different mutations have been reported worldwide; however, few families from Japan have been studied. In this work, we investigated the presence of mutations in two unrelated Japanese patients with AIP. Mutational analysis was performed using the polymerase chain reaction-single strand conformation polymorphism (SSCP) method, followed by DNA sequencing. Reliable restriction enzyme cleavage assays were also established for the pedigree analyses. Unique SSCP patterns were noted in exons 12 and 15 of the HMBS gene. Sequencing revealed different mutations in each patient: a two-base deletion of CT at nucleotide 730–731 (730delCT), and also a two-base deletion of CA at position 982–983 (982delCA). Both of the deletion mutations lead to truncated proteins with an abnormal C-terminus, which would be expected to decrease the stability and/or activity of HMBS. Using the cleavage assays, we were able to definitively identify gene carriers in the family. This study adds a novel mutation to those that have been previously reported, and emphasizes that molecular analysis would be very useful not only for the identification of asymptomatic gene carriers in the family but also for the detection of ancestral founders in porphyria families.

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Received: March 13, 2000 / Accepted: May 22, 2000

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Maeda, N., Horie, Y., Adachi, K. et al. Two deletion mutations in the hydroxymethylbilane synthase gene in two unrelated Japanese patients with acute intermittent porphyria. J Hum Genet 45, 263–268 (2000). https://doi.org/10.1007/s100380070038

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  • Key words Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP)
  • Gene analysis
  • Hydroxymethylbilane synthase (HMBS)
  • Molecular pathology
  • Mutations

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