Table 2 Estimates of 'morning effect' adjusted for period and carry-over effects by GLMs

From: Is the timing of caloric intake associated with variation in diet-induced thermogenesis and in the metabolic pattern? A randomized cross-over study

  Effects 95% CI P-value
RMRa (kcal) 90.5 (40.4,140.6) <0.001
RMRa,b (kcal kg−1 FFM) 1.84 (0.81,2.87) <0.001
RQc −0.02 (−0.04,−0.001) 0.035
CHO oxidationc (g min−1) 0.00 (−0.02,0.02) 0.848
Fat oxidationc (g min−1) 0.01 (−0.00,0.02) 0.089
Glucose AUCd (mg dl−1 × h) −1800.1 (−2564.1,−1036.0) <0.001
Log-insulin AUCd,e (μU ml−1 × h) −0.19 (−0.30,−0.07) 0.001
Log-insulin AUCd,f 0.83 (0.74,0.93) 0.001
FFA AUCd (mmol l−1 × h) −16.1 (−30.0,−2.09) 0.024
Log-triglycerides AUCd,e (mg dl−1 × h) −0.08 (−0.21,0.05) 0.230
Log-triglycerides AUCd,f 0.92 (0.81,1.05) 0.230
  1. Abbreviations: AUC, area under the curve; CHO, carbohydrates; CI, confidence interval; FFA, free fatty acid; GLM, general linear model; RMR, resting metabolic rate; RQ, Respiratory Quotient.
  2. aMorning diet-induced thermogenesis (DIT) – evening DIT.
  3. bRMR calculated in relation to fat-free mass.
  4. cMorning delta minus evening delta.
  5. dMorning AUC – evening AUC.
  6. eEstimated effects expressed as difference in log-terms.
  7. fEstimated effects expressed as ratio.