Table 3 Mean energy and nutrient intakes, physical activity levels and urinary analytes of participants in the lupin and control groups at baseline, 4 and 12 monthsa

From: Effects of lupin-enriched foods on body composition and cardiovascular disease risk factors: a 12-month randomized controlled weight loss trial

  Control Lupin
  Baseline (n=63) 4 months (n=55) 12 months (n=47) Baseline (n=68) 4 months (n=55) 12 months (n=46)
Energy intake (MJ per day) 9.8±2.5 7.9±1.7 8.3±2.4 9.9±2.5 8.0±1.9 8.2±2.2
Total fat intake (g per day) 92±30 63±21 66±29 96±32 69±27 69±27
Protein intake (g per day) 105±29 86±26 95±29 106±29 105±26 110±27
Carbohydrate intake (g per day) 236±83 208±53 218±64 230±68 182±49 191±55
Fibre intake (g per day) 24±8 26±8 25±7 23±8 35±8 39±12
Alcohol (g per day) 15±17 11±16 11±17 20±21 10±13 9±13
24 h creatinine excretion (mmol per day) 14.0±5.0 14.4±5.4 16.8±11.9 13.5±3.4 13.9±3.7 14.7±4.5
Sodium excretion (mmol per mmol creatinine) 11.4±4.6 11.3±4.5 11.5±4.4 10.7±4.0 11.3±6.1 11.9±4.7
Potassium excretion (mmol per mmol creatinine) 5.8±1.8 5.7±1.9 5.7±2.3 5.7±1.7 6.2±2.6 5.7±1.6
Activity (kcal per kg per day) 40±7 44±9 45±9 41±6 44±11 45±7
  1. aValues are presented as mean±s.d.