Table 2 Baseline characteristics of subjects

From: Excessive fructose intake induces the features of metabolic syndrome in healthy adult men: role of uric acid in the hypertensive response

  Control (n=36) Allopurinol (n=38) P-value
Age 51±1.3 51±1.3 NS
Weight (kg) 84.3±2.3 83.6±2.1 NS
BMI 29.0±0.6 28.0±0.6 NS
Waist circumference (cm) 99±2 98±1 NS
Waist hip ratio (cm/cm) 0.97±0.01 0.95±0.01 NS
Ambulatory BP
 SBP 126±2 131±2 <0.04
 DBP 75±2 80±1 <0.04
Daytime BP
 SBP 128±2 135±2 <0.04
 DBP 78±2 83±1 <0.03
Nocturnal BP
 SBP 117±2 121±3 NS
 DBP 69±2 71±2 NS
 Pulse rate 50±1 52±1 NS
Plasma triglycerides (mmol l−1) 1.54±0.17 1.81±0.21 NS
Plasma cholesterol (total) (mmol l−1) 5.49±0.13 5.57±0.13 NS
 HDL (mmol l−1) 1.20±0.04 1.25±0.04 NS
 LDL (mmol l−1) 3.37±0.15 3.51±0.13 NS
 VLDL (mmol l−1) 0.70±0.08 0.82±0.1 NS
Glucose (mmol l−1) 5.59±0.17 5.55±1.13 NS
Insulin (pmol l−1) 48.8±4.9 56.3±6.3 NS
HOMA index 1.7±0.2 2.1±0.2 NS
Uric acid (μmol l−1) 309±12 357±12 0.01
Creatinine (μmol l−1) 88.4±2.65 88.4±1.77 NS
Liver tests
 GGT (U l−1) 36±3 45±7 NS
 AST (U l−1) 20±0.6 23±1.4 0.06
 ALT (U l−1) 23±1.3 30±3.4 0.06
  1. Abbreviations: AST, aspartate aminotransferase; ALT, alanine transaminase; BMI, body mass index; BP, blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; GGT, gamma glutamyl transferase; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; HOMA, homeostatic model assessment; LDL, low-density lipoprotein; NS, not significant; SBP, systolic blood pressure.
  2. Values shown are mean±s.e.m.