Table 1 Metabolic syndrome definitions

From: Excessive fructose intake induces the features of metabolic syndrome in healthy adult men: role of uric acid in the hypertensive response

NCEP-ATP III criteria (three of the following five criteria) 36
Waist circumference of >102 cm (40 inches) in men and > 88 cm (35 inches) in women
Fasting plasma triglycerides >1.7 mmol l−1 (150 mg per 100 ml)
HDL cholesterol <1.04 mmol l−1 (40 mg per 100 ml) in men and <1.3 mmol l−1 (50 mg per 100 ml) in women
BP 130/85 mm Hg
Fasting plasma glucose 5.55 mmol l−1 (100 mg per 100 ml)
IDF criteria (central obesity plus two of four criteria) 37
Central obesity (> 94 cm in men or >80 cm in women in Europeans), or BMI >30 and two of the four criteria
Raised triglycerides
 >11.7 mmol l−1 (150 mg per 100 ml) or specific treatment for this lipid abnormality
Reduced HDL cholesterol
 <1.04 mmol l−1 (40 mg per 100 ml) in men and <1.3 mmol l−1 (50 mg per 100 ml) in women or specific treatment for this lipid abnormality
Raised blood pressure
130 mm Hg SBP
85 mm Hg DBP
 Or treatment of previously diagnosed hypertension
Raised fasting plasma glucose
 Fasting plasma glucose 5.55 mmol l−1 (100 mg per 100 ml)
 Previously diagnosed type 2 diabetes
  1. Abbreviations: BMI, body mass index; BP, blood pressure; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; IDF, International Diabetes Federation; NCEP-ATP III, Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (Adult Treatment Panel III); SBP, systolic blood pressure.