Table 1: Risk factors for childhood obesity identified by epidemiological research

From: Preventing childhood obesity: what works?

 Parental overweight
 Obesogenic parental eating, activity patterns
 High gestational weight gain
 Rapid infant growth
 Low income and education levels
 African American, Hispanic, American Indian race/ethnicities
Physical activity behaviors
 High levels of television watching, screen time
 Low levels of physical activity
 Short sleep duration
Eating behaviors
 Formula feeding
 Early introduction of solid foods
 Low intakes of fruits and vegetables
 High intakes of energy dense foods and high energy-density diets
 Habitual ‘food away from home’ consumption
 High intakes of sweetened drinks
 Large portions
 Frequent snacking
 Parent's child feeding practices (for example, restriction, pressure)