This study investigated the correlation between irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and organic erectile dysfunction (OED) and psychogenic erectile dysfunction (PED), and analyzed the influence of various comorbidities. Data were obtained from reimbursement claims of the National Health Insurance Program in Taiwan. We selected male patients aged >20 years, who were diagnosed with IBS during the 2000–2011 period as the IBS cohort. The index date for patients with IBS was the date of their first medical visit. We excluded patients with a diagnosis of OED and PED at baseline and those without information on age and sex. The IBS to non-IBS cohorts were estimated using univariable and multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression model. Adjusted hazard ratios were determined after adjusting for age and comorbidities. The Kaplan–Meier method was used to plot the cumulative incidence of OED and PED, and a log-rank test was used to compare the cohorts. A total of 15 533 IBS patients and 62 124 controls without IBS were enrolled in our study. Among the study participants, 48.2% were 49 years of age or younger. Patients with IBS were more likely to develop erectile dysfunction (ED) than those without IBS. Patients with IBS were 2.12 times more likely to develop OED and 2.38 times more likely to develop PED than the controls. There is an increased risk of both PED and OED in patients with IBS. Not only with organic but also PED should be considered when patients with IBS complain of ED.
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This study is supported in part by Taiwan Ministry of Health and Welfare Clinical Trial and Research Center of Excellence (MOHW104-TDU-B-212-113002); China Medical University Hospital, Academia Sinica Taiwan Biobank, Stroke Biosignature Project (BM104010092); NRPB Stroke Clinical Trial Consortium (MOST 103-2325-B-039-006); Tseng-Lien Lin Foundation, Taichung, Taiwan; Taiwan Brain Disease Foundation, Taipei, Taiwan; Katsuzo and Kiyo Aoshima Memorial Funds, Japan; and CMU under the Aim for Top University Plan of the Ministry of Education, Taiwan. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish or preparation of the manuscript. No additional external funding received for this study.
All authors have contributed substantially to, and are in agreement with the content of, the manuscript: C-YH and C-HK contributed to conception/design; C-HK contributed in provision of study materials; all authors contributed in collection and/or assembly of the data, manuscript preparation, data analysis and interpretation, and final approval of manuscript; C-HK, the guarantor of the paper, took responsibility for the integrity of the work as a whole, from inception to published article.
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
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The Role of Nocturnal Penile Tumescence and Rigidity (NPTR) Monitoring in the Diagnosis of Psychogenic Erectile Dysfunction: A Review
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