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Relationship between Impaired Aldosterone Response to Adrenocorticotropic Hormone and Prevalence of Hemodialysis in Type 2 Diabetic Patients without Azotemia

Abstract

The present prospective observational study was designed to assess the prevalence of hemodialysis in type 2 diabetic patients with an impairment of plasma aldosterone responsiveness to adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH). Sixty seven patients (43 men and 24 women) were selected. The inclusion criteria were age <65 years; presence of normoalbuminemia (serum albumin>3.6 g/dl); and absence of azotemia (serum creatinine≤1.2 mg/dl in males, and ≤1.0 mg/dl in females). Soluble α1–24-ACTH was injected intramuscularly in a single dose of 0.25 mg after overnight recumbency. The area under the aldosterone curve (aldosterone AUC) was calculated. The diabetic patients were divided into two groups according to the levels of aldosterone AUC. Patients with an aldosterone AUC in the range of 0–381 were considered poor responders (n=31) and those with an AUC of 397–1,007 were considered good responders (n=36). The follow-up was performed during a 144-month period. The end point of the study was the introduction of hemodialysis. A total of 14 patients (12 poor responders and 2 good responders; p<0.001) were introduced to hemodialysis. The prevalence of hemodialysis in the poor responders (5.74 per 100 patient-years) was significantly higher (p<0.001, log-rank test) than that in the good responders (0.68 per 100 patient-years). One possible explanation is that an inappropriate level of salt intake relative to the impaired plasma aldosterone control may have contributed to the high prevalence of risks and hemodialysis in the poor responders.

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Correspondence to Toshikazu Kigoshi.

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Kigoshi, T., Uehara, K., Furuya, K. et al. Relationship between Impaired Aldosterone Response to Adrenocorticotropic Hormone and Prevalence of Hemodialysis in Type 2 Diabetic Patients without Azotemia. Hypertens Res 28, 21–26 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1291/hypres.28.21

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Keywords

  • aldosterone
  • hemodialysis
  • type 2 diabetes mellitus
  • adrenocorticotropic hormone

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