Lacrimal surgery in patients with congenital cranial or facial anomalies


A series of 26 patients with lacrimal dysfunction due to congenital cranial or facial anomalies are reviewed. The underlying anatomical abnormalities responsible for symptoms and their influence on surgical management and outcome are discussed and illustrated with representative cases. It is shown that by adaptation of standard surgical techniques a high success rate can be achieved.


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Correspondence to Geoffrey E Rose.

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Hicks, C., Pitts, J. & Rose, G. Lacrimal surgery in patients with congenital cranial or facial anomalies. Eye 8, 583–591 (1994).

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  • Congenital
  • Cranial anomalies
  • Facial anomalies
  • Lacrimal dysfunction

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