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Results of intraocular lens implantation in paediatric aphakia

Abstract

Intraocular lenses were implanted in 16 eyes of 13 patients with congenital cataract, and visual progress was plotted using a preferential-looking technique. Initial surgery was by lens aspiration with preservation of the posterior capsule, and subsequent posterior capsulotomy without anterior vitrectomy. Poly-HEMA posterior chamber lenses were used, usually as a primary procedure but in four cases as a secondary procedure after contact lens failure. No serious complications were encountered. Most eyes achieved a very significant visual improvement, and none were worse than preoperatively. Residual refractive error was highly unpredictable, but did not exceed 6 dioptres. The importance of rigorous occlusion therapy is stressed. With close follow-up, this procedure offers an effective and safe method for the correction of unilateral paediatric aphakia, and, in selected cases only, for bilateral aphakia.

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Correspondence to R H C Markham.

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Markham, R., Bloom, P., Chandna, A. et al. Results of intraocular lens implantation in paediatric aphakia. Eye 6, 493–498 (1992). https://doi.org/10.1038/eye.1992.104

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Keywords

  • Amblyopia
  • Congenital cataract
  • Intraocular lenses
  • Poly-HEMA lenses
  • Preferential looking
  • Residual refraction

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