Table 1 Y-chromosomal haplogroups and Y-STR profiles of the three analyzed members of the Bourbon family, the presumed blood sample of Louis XVI20 and the presumed head of Henri IV24

From: Genetic genealogy reveals true Y haplogroup of House of Bourbon contradicting recent identification of the presumed remains of two French Kings

Sample Axel, Prince of Bourbon-Parma (sample A) Sixte-Henri, Prince of Bourbon-Parma (sample SH) João Henrique, Prince of Orléans-Braganza (sample JH) Presumed blood sample of Louis XVI Presumed head of Henri IV
Y-chromosomal haplogroup R1b1b2a1a1* /R-Z381* R1b1b2a1a1* /R-Z381* R1b1b2a1a1* /R-Z381* G (xG1,G2) /G (xM285,P287)
DYS393 13 13 13 14 14
DYS390 23 23 23 22
DYS19 14 14 14 15
DYS391 10 10 10 10 10
DYS385 11,14 11,14 11,14 13,18 —,18
DYS426 12 12 12 ND ND
DYS388 12 12 12 ND ND
DYS439 12 12 12 12
DYS389I 13 13 14 12 13
DYS392 13 13 13 11
DYS389b 16 16 16 18
DYS458 18 18 18 21
DYS459 9,10 9,10 9,10 ND ND
DYS455 11 11 11 ND ND
DYS454 11 11 11 ND ND
DYS447 25 25 25 ND ND
DYS437 15 15 15 15 15
DYS448 19 19 19 21 21
DYS449 28 28 29 ND ND
DYS464 15,15,16,16 15,15,16,16 15,15,16,16 ND ND
DYS460 12 12 12 ND ND
GATA H4 12 12 12 12
YCAII 19,23 19,23 19,23 ND ND
DYS456 17 17 17 15
DYS607 19 19 19 ND ND
DYS576 16 16 16 ND ND
DYS570 16 17 17 ND ND
DYS724 35,38 35,39 35,40 ND ND
DYS442 18 18 18 ND ND
DYS438 12 12 12 10
DYS635 23 23 23 21
  1. Abbreviation: ND, not determined.
  2. The alleles given in italics are those that were not confirmed in a second PCR reaction in the study of Lalueza-Fox et al.20 DYS389b shows the number of repeats present in the second part of DYS389II (DYS389II minus DYS389I).