Teng W, Shan Z, Teng X, Guan H, Li Y, Teng D et al. Effect of iodine intake on thyroid diseases in China. N Engl J Med 2006; 354: 2783–2793.
Du Y, Gao Y, Meng F, Liu S, Fan Z, Wu J et al. Iodine deficiency and excess coexist in china and induce thyroid dysfunction and disease: a cross-sectional study. PLoS One 2014; 9: e111937.
Pearce EN, Andersson M, Zimmermann MB. Global iodine nutrition: where do we stand in 2013? Thyroid 2013; 23: 523–528.
Jin J (ed). Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region Bureau of Statistics, Xinjiang Statistical Yearbook. China Statistics Press: Beijing, China. 2010 p, 640.
Wang F, Zhang L, Aihete A, Pinjiang M, Shaniya Y et al. Effect of iodine deficiency disease control and disease prediction from 1995 to 2011. Chin J Endemiol 2014; 33: 33.
Xin S, Shan Z, Teng W. Effects of increased iodine intake on thyroid disorders. Endocrinol Metab 2014; 29: 240–247.
Sang Z, Wang PP, Yao Z, Shen J, Halfyard B, Tan L et al. Exploration of the safe upper level of iodine intake in euthyroid Chinese adults: a randomized double-blind trial. Am J Clin Nutr 2012; 95: 367–373.
The guideline for diagnosis and management of thyroid disease of China. The Society of Endocrinology, Chinese Medical Association, 2008. Available at: http://www.cma.org.cn accessed 27 November 2008.
World Health Organization United Nations Children’s Fund, and International Council for the Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders Assessment of Iodine Deficiency Disorders and Monitoring Their Elimination: A Guide for Programme Managers. World Health Organization: Geneva, Switzerland, 2007, pp 32–34.
Lu Z, Lu Z, Zhu Y, Yan Z, Liu X, Yan W et al. Enhanced hypertension prevalence in non-Han Chinese minorities from Xinjiang Province, China. Hypertens Res 2009; 32: 1097–1103.
The China Salt Substitute Study Collaborative Group. Salt substitution: a low-cost strategy for blood pressure control among rural Chinese. A randomized, controlled trial. J Hypertens 2007; 25: 2011–2018.
Teng X, Hu F, Teng W, Wang H, Shong S, Shan Z et al. The study of thyroid disease in a community not using iodized salt. Chin J Prev Med 2002; 3: 176–179.
Meng F, Zhao R, Liu P, Liu L, Liu S. Assessment of iodine status in children, adults, pregnant women and lactating women in iodine-replete areas of China. PLoS One 2013; 8: e81294.
Teng W, Xing XP, Tong NW et al. An epidemiological survey of thyroid disease of China cities [J]. Proceedings of the Ninth National Conference of Endocinology of Chinese Medical Association 2010, Dalian, Liaoning, PL-07.
Lockshin MD. Sex differences in autoimmune disease. Lupus 2006; 15: 753–756.
Chagnon P, Provost S, Belisle C, Bolduc V, Gingras M, Busque L. Age-associated skewing of X-inactivation ratios of blood cells in normal females: a candidate-gene analysis approach. Exp Hematol 2005; 33: 1209–1214.
Hernández-Molina G, Svyryd Y, Sánchez-Guerrero J, Mutchinick OM. The role of the X-chromosome in immunity and autoimmunity. Autoimmun Rev 2007; 6: 218–222.
Jacobson EM, Hubera A, Tomer Y. The HLA gene complex in thyroid autoimmunity: from epidemiology to etiology. J Autoimmun 2008; 30: 58–62.
Laurberg P, Jorgensen T, Perrild H, Ovesen L, Knudsen N, Pedersen IB et al. The Danish investigation on iodine intake and thyroid disease, DanThyr: status and perspectives. Eur J Endocrinol 2006; 155: 219–228.
Bülow Pedersen I, Laurberg P, Knudsen N, Jorgensen T, Perrild H, Ovesen L et al. A population study of the association between thyroid autoantibodies in serum and abnormalities in thyroid function and structure. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 2005; 62: 713–720.
Szabolcs I, Podoba J, Feldkamp J, Dohan O, Farkas I, Sajgo M et al. Comparative screening for thyroid disorders in old age in areas of iodine deficiency, long-term iodine prophylaxis and abundant iodine intake. Clin Endocrinol (Oxf) 1997; 47: 87–92.
Mostbeck A, Galvan G, Bauer P, Eber O, Atefie K, Dam K et al. The incidence of hyperthyroidism in Austria from 1987 to 1995 before and after an increase in salt iodization in 1990. Eur J Nucl Med 1998; 25: 367–374.
Mingchen Z, Zhang L, Fan Y, Zeng X, Zhu Y, Abulikemu Z et al. Relationship between iodine intake and the prevalence of thyroid disease in Urumqi, Xinjiang. Chin J Endocrinol Metab 2011; 27: 972–974.
Malinowski JR, Denny JC, Bielinski SJ, Basford MA, Bradford Y, Peissig PL et al. Genetic variants associated with serum thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) levels in European Americans andAfrican Americans from the eMERGE Network. PLoS One 2014; 9: e111301.
Hollowell JG, Staehling NW, Flanders WD, Hannon WH, Gunter EW, Spencer CA et al. Serum TSH, T(4), and thyroid antibodies in the United States population (1988 to 1994): National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES III). J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2002; 87: 489–499.
Zois C, Stavrou I, Kalogera C, Svarna E, Dimoliatis I, Seferiadis K et al. High prevalence of autoimmune thyroiditis in schoolchildren after elimination of iodine deficiency in northwestern Greece. Thyroid 2003; 13: 485–489.
Chen Z, Xu W, Huang Y, Jin X, Deng J, Zhu S et al. Associations of noniodized salt and thyroid nodule among the Chinese population: a large cross-sectional study. Am J Clin Nutr 2013; 98: 684–692.