Table 3 Baseline predictors of all-cause death (estimated using a Cox univariate model)

From: Food groups associated with a reduced risk of 15-year all-cause death

Factor (reference) Unadjusted relative risk
(95% confidence interval)
P-value
Center
 Toulouse 1  
 Strasbourg 1.53 (0.92–2.53) 0.098
 Lille 3.29 (2.16–5.02) <0.0001
Educational level >baccalaureate 0.52 (0.33–0.83) 0.006
No payment of income tax 2.64 (1.88–3.70) <0.0001
Age at enrollment (years)
 45–49 1  
 50–54 0.99 (0.49–2.01) 0.98
 55–59 3.12 (1.78–5.48) <0.0001
60 4.56 (2.70–7.72) <0.0001
Body mass index (BMI)
 BMI <25 kg/m2 1  
 BMI 25 and <30 kg/m2 1.10 (0.74–1.64) 0.629
 BMI 30 kg/m2 1.77 (1.14–2.75) 0.011
Smoking
 Never 1  
 Past 1.97 (1.23–3.16) 0.005
 Current 3.99 (2.46–6.47) <0.0001
Diet quality score (per 1 unit increase)a 0.83 (0.75–0.93) 0.001
Level of physical activity
 Light (<1 time per week) 1  
 Moderate (20 min, 1–2 times per week) 0.37 (0.21–0.65) 0.001
 High (20 min, on 3 times per week) 0.69 (0.42–1.13) 0.14
Antihypertensive drug treatment 1.81 (1.27–2.57) 0.001
Lipid-lowering drug treatment 1.17 (0.77–1.76) 0.47
Hypoglycemic drug treatment 1.47 (0.79–2.71) 0.22
History of cardiovascular diseaseb 1.75 (1.03–2.98) 0.040
Framingham score c
 Low (<10%) 1  
 Intermediate (10–19%) 2.40 (1.44–4.01) 0.001
 High (20%) or history of cardiovascular disease 4.03 (2.42–6.70) <0.0001
Serious chronic conditiond 2.23 (1.43–3.48) <0.001
  1. aA higher score indicates a better adherence to recommendations.
  2. bCoronary heart disease, ischemic stroke and peripheral artery disease.
  3. cRisk of cardiac events (coronary death or myocardial infarction) in the next 10 years.
  4. dHistory of cardiovascular disease, cancer excluding in situ malignant tumors, cirrhosis, hemorrhagic stroke, chronic cardiac failure and chronic renal failure.