Table 1 Changes in nutritional status and NCDs in China between 2002 and 2012

From: New national data show alarming increase in obesity and noncommunicable chronic diseases in China

  2002 (%) 2012 (%) Absolute change (%) a Relative change (%) a
Obesity and overweight prevalence
 Overweight and obesity (adults >18 years) 29.9 42 12.1↑ 40.5↑
 Overweight (adults >18 years) 22.8 30.1 7.3↑ 32↑
 Obesity (adults >18 years) 7.1 11.9 4.8↑ 67.6↑
 Overweight (children: 6–17 years) 4.5 9.6 5.1↑ 113.3↑
 Obesity (children: 6–17 years) 2.1 6.4 4.3↑ 204.8↑
Average height and weight
 Height for men (cm) 166.7 167.1 0.4↑ 0.2↑
 Height for women (cm) 155.1 155.8 0.7↑ 0.5↑
 Weight for men (kg) 62.7 66.2 3.5↑ 5.6↑
 Weight for women (kg) 54.4 57.3 2.9↑ 5.3↑
NCDs
 CVDs (mortality rate/100 000) 145b 271.8 126.8↑ 87.4↑
 Cancer (mortality rate/100 000) 142 144.3 1.3↑ 0.9↑
 Hypertension prevalence 18.8 25.2 6.4↑ 34↑
 Diabetes prevalence 2.6 9.7 7.1↑ 273.1↑
Undernutrition (prevalence)
 Undernutrition (adults) 8.5 6 2.5↓ 29.4↓
 Stunting (children) 6.3 3.2 3.1↓ 49.2↓
 Wasting (children) 13.4 9 4.4↓ 32.8↓
 Anemia (>6 years) 20.1 9.7 10.4↓ 51.7↓
 Anemia (6–11 years) 12.1 5 7.1↓ 58.7↓
 Anemia (pregnant women) 28.9 17.2 11.7↓ 40.5↓
  1. Abbreviations: CVDs, cardiovascular diseases; NCDs, noncommunicable chronic diseases.
  2. aAbsolute change was calculated as the differences of the measures of 2002 and 2012 (=2012−2002); the relative change, absolute change (between 2002 and 2012) as a percentage of the 2002 measure.
  3. bData for 2003 as the figure for 2002 was not available.