Table 1 Blood levels during a normal diet, ketogenic diet and diabetic ketoacidosis11

From: Beyond weight loss: a review of the therapeutic uses of very-low-carbohydrate (ketogenic) diets

Blood levels Normal diet Ketogenic diet Diabetic ketoacidosis
Glucose (mg/dl) 80–120 65–80 >300
Insulin (μU/l) 6–23 6.6–9.4 0
KB conc (mM/l) 0.1 7/8 >25
pH 7.4 7.4 <7.3