Table 3 Prevalence ratios of adverse lipids and blood pressure for frequency of takeaway food consumption

From: Takeaway food consumption and cardio-metabolic risk factors in young adults

Frequency of takeaway food consumption Men (N=914) Women (N=982)
   Unadjusted Adjusted a   Unadjusted Adjusted a
  n (%)b PR 95% CI PR 95% CI n (%)b PR 95% CI PR 95% CI
Triglycerides (2.26 mmol/l)
 <2 per week 50 (9.0) 1.00   1.00   21 (2.7) 1.00   1.00  
2 per week 41 (11.5) 1.28 0.87, 1.89 1.24 0.83, 1.86 3 (1.5) 0.60 0.17, 1.89 0.50 0.16, 1.62
Total cholesterol (6.22 mmol/l)
 <2 per week 61 (11.0) 1.00   1.00   38 (4.8) 1.00   1.00  
2 per week 39 (10.9) 1.00 0.68, 1.46 1.05 0.72, 1.53 6 (3.1) 0.93 0.27, 1.47 0.59 0.25, 1.41
LDL cholesterol (4.14 mmol/l)
 <2 per week 61 (11.1) 1.00   1.00   31 (4.0) 1.00   1.00  
2 per week 38 (10.7) 0.96 0.66, 1.41 0.99 0.67, 1.44 11 (5.6) 1.41 0.72, 2.75 1.47 0.74, 2.92
HDL cholesterol (1.1 mmol/l)
 <2 per week 94 (16.9) 1.00   1.00   34 (4.3) 1.00   1.00  
2/week 72 (20.2) 1.20 0.91, 1.58 1.19 0.90, 1.58 16 (8.1) 1.88 1.06, 3.33 1.79 0.98, 3.26
High blood pressure c
 <2 per week 325 (58.4) 1.00   1.00   156 (20.0) 1.00   1.00  
2 per week 203 (56.9) 0.97 0.87, 1.09 0.97 0.87, 1.09 41 (20.9) 1.05 0.77, 1.42 1.01 0.74, 1.37
Hypertension d
 <2 per week 70 (12.6) 1.00   1.00   30 (2.8) 1.00   1.00  
2 per week 44 (12.3) 0.98 0.69, 1.40 0.96 0.68, 1.37 5 (2.6) 0.66 0.26, 1.70 0.69 0.28, 1.71
  1. Abbreviations: PR, prevalence ratio; CI, confidence interval; LDL, low-density lipoprotein; HDL, high-density lipoprotein.
  2. Prevalence ratios were calculated using log binomial regression.
  3. aAnalyses adjusted for age, employment status, leisure time physical activity and TV viewing.
  4. bNumber (%) of participants with adverse lipids or blood pressure.
  5. cHigh blood pressure: systolic 120 mm Hg and <140 mm Hg or diastolic 80 mm Hg and <90 mm Hg.
  6. dHypertension: systolic 140 mm Hg or diastolic 90 mm Hg or taking blood pressure lowering medication.
  7. Bold values denote significant difference (P<0.05).