Table 2 Adjusted means (95% CI) for cardio-metabolic variables by takeaway food consumption

From: Takeaway food consumption and cardio-metabolic risk factors in young adults

Cardio-metabolic variable   Overall By takeaway food consumption a P-value
     1 per week 2 per week  
  n Mean 95% CI Mean 95% CI Mean 95% CI  
Men
 Triglycerides (mmol/l) 914 1.01 0.98, 1.05 1.00 0.95, 1.05 1.03 0.97, 1.09 0.464
 Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 914 4.86 4.80, 4.92 4.85 4.77, 4.93 4.88 4.77, 4.98 0.689
 LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 903 3.02 2.97, 3.08 3.02 2.95, 3.09 3.03 2.94, 3.12 0.810
 HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 914 1.26 1.24, 1.28 1.27 1.25, 1.29 1.25 1.23, 1.28 0.412
 Glucose (mmol/l) 912 5.14 5.11, 5.17 5.15 5.11, 5.18 5.13 5.09, 5.18 0.670
 Insulin (mU/l) 911 6.28 6.04, 6.52 6.12 5.81, 6.43 6.53 6.13, 6.94 0.113
 HOMA 910 1.44 1.38, 1.49 1.40 1.33, 1.48 1.49 1.39, 1.59 0.156
 Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 914 124.37 123.67, 125.06 124.78 123.89, 125.67 123.74 122.64, 124.84 0.152
 Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 914 74.32 73.75, 74.89 74.35 73.62, 75.08 74.27 73.36, 75.19 0.901
 Metabolic syndrome score 912 1.91 1.87, 1.96 1.89 1.83, 1.95 1.95 1.87, 2.02 0.241
Women
 Triglycerides (mmol/l) 982 0.81 0.79, 0.84 0.81 0.78, 0.84 0.82 0.76, 0.88 0.815
 Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 982 4.71 4.66, 4.77 4.72 4.66, 4.78 4.68 4.56, 4.80 0.540
 LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 979 2.74 2.69, 2.78 2.74 2.68, 2.77 2.73 2.63, 2.84 0.976
 HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 982 1.51 1.49, 1.53 1.51 1.49, 1.54 1.48 1.43, 1.52 0.129
 Glucose (mmol/l)b 981 4.83 4.81, 4.85 4.82 4.79, 4.84 4.88 4.82, 4.93 0.045
 Insulin (mU/l) 979 6.05 5.85, 6.25 5.95 5.73, 6.17 6.45 5.98, 6.93 0.054
 HOMAb 979 1.30 1.25, 1.34 1.27 1.22, 1.32 1.40 1.29, 1.51 0.034
 Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 978 110.37 109.76, 110.98 110.60 109.91, 111.29 109.47 108.12, 110.83 0.152
 Diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg) 978 69.81 69.28, 70.33 69.78 69.19, 70.36 69.92 68.74, 71.11 0.828
 Metabolic syndrome score 978 2.58 2.54, 2.93 2.57 2.52, 2.62 2.66 2.56, 2.76 0.109
  1. Abbreviations: CI, confidence interval; HOMA, homeostasis model assessment; LDL, low-density lipoprotein; HDL, high-density lipoprotein.
  2. aAdjusted for age, employment status, leisure time physical activity and TV viewing.
  3. bOne women with an influentially low fasting glucose value (1.6 mmol/l) was excluded from the analysis of fasting glucose and HOMA.
  4. Bold values denote significant difference (P<0.05).