Table 4 Plasma concentrations of the eight inflammatory and atherogenesis-related biomarkers following 4 weeks on each of two test diets (fermented dairy and unfermented dairy) and the mixed dairy fat run-in and washout periods

From: Circulating inflammatory and atherogenic biomarkers are not increased following single meals of dairy foods

Cytokine Run-in Butter+creama Washout Cheese+yogurt
  Median/mean Median/mean Median/mean Median/mean
MCP-1 (pg/ml)b 259 (168–308) 232 (143–350) 265 (164–340) 222 (148–340)
MIP-1α (pg/ml)b 16 (11–27) 16 (11–38) 22 (12–37) 16 (9–36)
sICAM-1 (ng/ml)c 119 (30) 123 (28) 125 (37) 122 (32)
sVCAM-1 (ng/ml)b 1116 (971–1466) 1171 (1057–1455) 1155 (965–1710) 1114 (978–1433)
IL-6 (pg/ml)b 14 (6.5–19) 13 (5.0–16) 13 (10–19) 12 (8.3–15)
IL-1β (pg/ml)c 2.2 (1.2) 2.2 (1.6) 2.6 (1.2) 2.2 (1.0)
TNF-α (pg/ml)c 8.0 (2.7) 8.3 (2.3) 8.4 (2.1) 8.3 (2.8)
hsCRP (mg/l)b 1.5 (1.2–4.5) 1.4 (0.7–2.3) 1.3 (0.9–2.0) 1.1 (0.7–2.5)
  1. Abbreviations: hsCRP, high-sensitive C-reactive protein; IL, interleukin; MCP, monocyte chemoattractant protein; MIP, macrophage inflammatory protein; sICAM, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule; sVCAM, soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule; TNF-α, tumor necrosis factor-α.
  2. aAlso contains full-fat ice cream.
  3. bNon-normal distribution, expressed as median (interquartile range).
  4. cNormal distribution, expressed as mean (s.d.).