Table 4 Segmental body composition parameters of the three groups

From: Long-term effect of exercise on bone mineral density and body composition in post-menopausal ex-elite athletes: a retrospective study

  Sedentary controls (n=24) Runners (n=12) Swimmers (n=12)
Fat mass—left arm (kg) 1.9±0.4 1.0±0.3⁁⁁ 1.5±0.7⁁
Fat mass—right arm (kg) 2.0±0.5 1.1±0.3⁁⁁ 1.6±0.6⁁
Fat mass—trunk (kg) 10.5±2.3 7.1±1.9⁁⁁ 8.1±4.7⁁⁁
Fat mass—left leg (kg) 3.9±0.9 3.1±0.9 3.7±1.1
Fat mass—right leg (kg) 3.9±1.2 3.1±1.0 3.8±1.1
Lean mass—left arm (kg) 2.0±0.2 2.2±0.2 2.8±0.3⁁⁁**
Lean mass—right arm (kg) 2.1±0.4 2.4±0.2 2.9±0.4⁁⁁*
Lean mass—trunk (kg) 18.6±1.9 19.1±0.5 22.4±3.2
Lean mass—left leg (kg) 5.7±0.6 6.8±0.8⁁⁁ 7.1±0.9⁁⁁
Lean mass—right leg (kg) 6.0±0.7 6.9±0.7⁁⁁ 7.4±1.0⁁⁁
  1. P<0.01; ⁁⁁P<0.001; multiple comparisons Bonferroni's test, controls versus athletes.
  2. *P<0.01; **P<0.001; multiple comparisons Bonferroni's test, runners versus Swimmers.