Table 1 Subject characteristics by gender

From: Assessment of dietary fat intake and innate immune activation as risk factors for impaired lung function

Characteristic Sub group/statistic Gender
   Male (n=121) Female (n=74)
Smoking status n (%) Current 10 (8.3%) 4 (5.4%)
  Former 64 (53%) 16 (22%)
  Never 47 (39%) 54 (73%)
Age (years) Mean (std) 65 (7) 69 (6)
Obesity
 Waist to hip ratio Mean (std) 0.97 (0.054) 0.83 (0.061)
 BMI (kg/m2) Mean (std) 29.4 (4.48) 27.8 (5.16)
Systemic inflammation
 CRP (mg/l) Mean (std) 5.32 (6.349) 6.52 (9.037)
Innate immunity:
 IL-6 (pg/ml) Mean (std) 3.07 (4.400) 3.19 (4.575)
Dietary intake:
 Total energy intake (kJ/day) Mean (std) 10391 (2902) 9348 (2915)
 Total fat (g/day) Mean (std) 81.1 (26.5) 72.3 (27.6)
 %Energy from fat Mean (std) 29.4 (5.01) 29.0 (5.71)
 Total saturated fat (g/day) Mean (std) 32.3 (11.9) 28.0 (13.8)
 Total monounsaturated fat (g/day) Mean (std) 26.9 (9.02) 23.8 (8.84)
 Total n-3 polyunsaturated fat (mg/day) Mean (std) 105.9 (37.73) 92.4 (37.39)
 Total n-6 poyunsaturated fat (g/day) Mean (std) 12.1 (4.65) 11.5 (4.28)
Lung Function:
 FEV1 (L) Mean (std) 2.63 (0.07) 1.67 (0.05)
 %Predicted FEV1 Mean (std) 78.9 (1.6) 80.8 (2.5)
 FVC (L) Mean (std) 3.40 (0.08) 2.18 (0.06)
 %Predicted FVC Mean (std) 51.5 (1.1) 43.6 (1.2)
 FEV1/FVC Mean (std) 0.77 (0.01) 0.76 (0.01)
  1. Abbreviations: BMI, body mass index; CRP, C-reactive protein; FEV1, Forced expiratory volume in 1 s; FVC, predicted forced vital capacity.