Table 1 Polyphenol and antioxidant content in the 100 richest foods (mg per 100 g or mg per 100 ml)

From: Identification of the 100 richest dietary sources of polyphenols: an application of the Phenol-Explorer database

Food Food group Polyphenols a Polyphenols AE a Antioxidants b
   Content Rank Content Rank Content Rank
Cloves Seasonings 15 188 1 15 188 1 16 047 1
Peppermint, dried Seasonings 11 960 2 7920 2 980 26
Star anise Seasonings 5460 3 5460 3 1810 16
Cocoa powder Cocoa products 3448 4 3294 4 1104 24
Mexican oregano, dried Seasonings 2319 5 2137 5
Celery seed Seasonings 2094 6 1007 10
Black chokeberry Fruits 1756 7 1432 7 1752 17
Dark chocolate Cocoa products 1664 8 1618 6 1860 13
Flaxseed meal Seeds 1528c 9 1220c 8
Black elderberry Fruits 1359 10 804 13 1950 12
Chestnut Seeds 1215 11 1215 9 2757 9
Common sage, dried Seasonings 1207 12 893 12 2920 8
Rosemary, dried Seasonings 1018 13 522 14 2519 10
Spearmint, dried Seasonings 956 14 491 18 6575 3
Common thyme, dried Seasonings 878 15 464 19 1815 15
Lowbush blueberry Fruits 836 16 496 15 471 35
Blackcurrant Fruits 758 17 464 20 821 29
Capers Seasonings 654 18 389 21 3600 6
Black olive Vegetables 569 19 320 22 117 53
Highbush blueberry Fruits 560 20 295 23 205 40
Hazelnut Seeds 495 21 493 16 687 30
Pecan nut Seeds 493 22 493 17 1816 14
Soy flour Seeds 466 23 267 27
Plum Fruits 377 24 285 24 411 35
Green olive Vegetables 346 25 233 28 161 47
Sweet basil, dried Seasonings 322 26 166 34 4317 4
Curry, powder Seasonings 285 27 285 25 1075 25
Sweet cherry Fruits 274 28 145 38 144 48
Globe artichoke heads Vegetables 260 29 154 35 1142 23
Blackberry Fruits 260 30 180 33 570 31
Roasted soybean Seeds 246 31 153 36
Milk chocolate Cocoa products 236 32 236 27 854 28
Strawberry Fruits 235 33 205 29 268 36
Red chicory Vegetables 235 34 131 41 129 51
Red raspberry Fruits 215 35 107 46 980 27
Coffee, filter Non-alcoholic beverages 214 36 110 45 267 37
Ginger, dried Seasonings 202 37 202 30 473 32
Whole grain hard wheat flour Cereals 201c 38 201c 21 186 46
Prune Fruits 194 39 100 49 1195 21
Almond Seeds 187 40 185 32 191 45
Black grape Fruits 169 41 124 42 205 41
Red onion Vegetables 168 42 99 50 91 60
Green chicory Vegetables 166 43 117 44
Common thyme, fresh Seasonings 163 44 118 43 1173 23
Refined maize flour Cereals 153c 45 153c 37 102 59
Soy, tempeh Seeds 148 46 101 48
Whole grain rye flour Cereals 143c 47 143c 39 72 66
Apple Fruits 136 48 136 40 205 42
Spinach Vegetables 119 49 68 55 248 38
Shallot Vegetables 113 50 67 56 115 54
Lemon verbena, dried Seasonings 106 51 106 47
Black tea Non-alcoholic beverages 102 52 90 52 104 58
Red wine Alcoholic beverages 101 53 91 51 215 39
Green tea Non-alcoholic beverages 89 54 82 53 62 67
Soy yogurt Seeds 84 55 51 60
Yellow onion Vegetables 74 56 49 61 75 64
Soy meat Seeds 73 57 47 63
Whole grain wheat flour Cereals 71c 58 71c 54 90 61
Pure apple juice Non-alcoholic beverages 68 59 61 57 34 75
Pure pomegranate juice Non-alcoholic beverages 66 60 37 64 204 43
Extra-virgin olive oil Oils 62 61 33 67 55 70
Black bean Seeds 59 62 36 66 1390 20
Peach Fruits 59 63 54 59 107 57
Pure blood orange juice Non-alcoholic beverages 56 64 28 71 72 67
Cumin Seasonings 55 65 55 58 2038 11
Pure grapefruit juice Non-alcoholic beverages 53 66 23 76 54 72
White bean Seeds 51 67 31 69 138 49
Chinese cinnamon Seasonings 48 68 48 62
Pure blond orange juice Non-alcoholic beverages 46 69 20 81
Broccoli Vegetables 45 70 21 79 198 44
Redcurrant Fruits 43 71 23 77 448 36
Soy tofu Seeds 42 72 25 74
Pure lemon juice Non-alcoholic beverages 42 73 20 82
Whole grain oat flour Cereals 37c 74 37c 65 82 65
Apricot Fruits 34 75 15 85 133 53
Caraway Seasonings 33 76 33 68 2913 7
Refined rye flour Cereals 31c 77 31c 70 45 74
Asparagus Vegetables 29 78 11 90 75 65
Walnut Seeds 28 79 28 71 1576 19
Potato Vegetables 28 80 15 86 54 73
Ceylan cinnamon Seasonings 27 81 27 73 9070 2
Parsley, dried Seasonings 25 82 25 75 1584 18
Nectarine Fruits 25 83 20 83 55 71
Curly endive Vegetables 24 84 15 87
Marjoram, dried Seasonings 23 85 22 78 3,846 5
Red lettuce Vegetables 23 86 14 88 114 58
Chocolate beverage with milk Non-alcoholic beverages 21 87 21 80
Quince Fruits 19 88 12 89
Endive (Escarole) Vegetables 18 89 11 91
Soy milk Non-alcoholic beverages 18 90 11 92
Pure pummelo juice Non-alcoholic beverages 18 91 7.9 97
Rapeseed oil Oils 17 92 17 84 18 78
Pear Fruits 17 93 11 93 108 59
Soybean sprout Seeds 15 94 10 95
Green grape Fruits 15 95 7.6 98 122 55
Carrot Vegetables 14 96 6.6 100 58 71
Vinegar Seasonings 13 97 11 94
Soy cheese Seeds 12 98 7.6 99
White wine Alcoholic beverages 10 99 8.6 96 32 77
Rosé wine Alcoholic beverages 10 100 7.8 98 82 63
  1. Abbreviation: AE, (polyphenols as) aglycone equivalents.
  2. a Sum of the content of individual polyphenols as determined by chromatography and of proanthocyanidin oligomers as determined by direct-phase high-performance liquid chromatography.
  3. b Determined by the Folin assay. Some foods with a high antioxidant content as determined by the Folin assay are not included in the table due the absence of documented data on their polyphenol content as obtained by chromatography. Their antioxidant contents are as follows: lentils (6553 mg/100 g), dried oregano (5452 mg/100 g), dried summer savory (4512 mg/100 g), dried sweet bay (4170 mg/100 g), dried camomile (2483 mg/100 g), dried coriander (2260 mg/100 g), fenugreek (2250 mg/100 g), dried winter savory (1880 mg/100 g), pistachio (1490 mg/100 g), hyssop (1623 mg/100 g), red swiss chard leaves (1320 mg/100 g), dried dill (1250 mg/100 g), raisin (1065 mg/100 g), broad bean seeds (1039 mg/100 g), black pepper spice (1000 mg/100 g), fresh peppermint (980 mg/100 g), black raspberry (980 mg/100 g), fig (960 mg/100 g), fresh oregano (953 mg/100 g), fresh lemon balm (900 mg/100 g), fenugreek seed (830 mg/100 g), white swiss chard leaves (830 mg/100 g), white pepper spice (780 mg/100 g), fresh tarragon (570 mg/100 g), peanut butter (536 mg/100 g), bilberry (525 mg/100 g), dried date (488 mg/100 g), green pepper spice (380 mg/100 g).
  4. c Polyphenol content determined by chromatography after hydrolysis of the glycosides and esters.