Table 3a Pearson's correlation coefficients between dietary glycaemic index (GI)a and nutrients in non-diabetic subjects

From: Dietary glycaemic index and glycaemic load in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition

Nutrients (g/day) All Greece Spain Italy France Germany The Netherlands UK HC a UK GP a Denmark Sweden Norway
  rb radjc radjc radjc radjc radjc radjc radjc radjc radjc radjc radjc radjc
Energy 0.13*** 0.14*** 0.16*** 0.24*** 0.22*** 0.24*** 0.11*** 0.03 0.16** 0.03 0.07*** 0.10*** 0.08**
Carbohydrates 0.16*** 0.05*** 0.12*** 0.19*** 0.13*** 0.22*** −0.03 −0.07*** 0.10 −0.01 −0.04* −0.03* 0.03
Sugar −0.17*** −0.25*** −0.26*** −0.27*** −0.27*** −0.19*** −0.24*** −0.34* ** −0.26*** −0.35 *** −0.28*** −0.19*** −0.22***
Starch 0.41 *** 0.33 *** 0.33 *** 0.52 *** 0.34 *** 0.52 *** 0.20*** 0.30 *** 0.36 *** 0.38 *** 0.30 *** 0.13*** 0.34 ***
Total fat 0.10*** −0.02*** −0.09*** 0.07** −0.02 0.01 0 −0.08*** 0 −0.01 −0.03* −0.01 −0.11***
Protein 0.08*** −0.03*** 0.05* 0 0.01 0.02 −0.01 −0.13*** −0.05 −0.07 −0.08*** −0.05** −0.02
Fibre 0.03*** −0.04*** 0.12*** −0.14*** −0.12*** −0.01 −0.15*** 0.01 0.04 −0.09 0 −0.07*** 0.09**
Alcohol 0.03*** −0.01* 0.01 0.10*** 0.03 0.01 0.01 −0.14*** −0.05 −0.17** −0.05** 0.03* −0.17***
  1. Abbreviations: GP, general population; HC, health conscious.
  2. aBased on the glucose=100 scale.
  3. bMinimally adjusted (adjusted for gender, age, centre and weighted for day of the week and seasons).
  4. cMinimally adjusted model with additional adjustment for energy using the residual method, height and weight.
  5. *P<0.05; **P<0.01; ***P<0.0001; correlations 0.30 are shaded.