Table 2b The five principal food groups (log(foodgroup+1)) by gender contributinga to inter-individual variation in glycaemic load for most centres and deviating food groups by centre, identified by stepwise linear regressiont

From: Dietary glycaemic index and glycaemic load in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition

Country and centre Men Female
  Bread Sweet buns, cakes and pies Sugar, honey, jam Pasta, rice other grains Potatoes   Other food groups Bread Sugar, honey, jam Sweet buns, cakes and pies Fruit Potatoes   Other food groups
  Partial R2 Partial R2 Partial R2 Partial R2 Partial R2 Model R2   Partial R2 Partial R2 Partial R2 Partial R2 Partial R2 Partial R2 Model R2   Partial R2
Greece 0.25 0.01 0.01b 0.01 0.01b 0.29 Dough and pastry 0.02 0.18 0.03 0.02 0.01b 0.03 0.27 Pasta, rice, other grains 0.02
        Crispbread 0.02         
Spain          0.19 0.05 0.03b 0.02b 0.05 0.35 Flour, flakes 0.05
 Granada 0.27    0.08 0.07 0.41 Salty biscuits, crisps 0.02        Crispbread 0.05
 Murcia 0.28 0.07     0.34 Crispbread 0.04 0.24 0.02b 0.07 0.02b 0.03 0.38 Flour, flakes 0.03
                Crispbread 0.03
 Navarra 0.24 0.01b 0.02b 0.06 0.04 0.38 Fruit 0.04 0.23 0.06 0.04 0.04b 0.05 0.41 Pasta, rice, other grains 0.04
        Dairy products 0.04         
 San Sebastian 0.26 0.03   0.03 0.04 0.36 Crispbread 0.12 0.27 0.02b 0.04 0.04 0.03b 0.41 Crispbread 0.05
        Fruit 0.03        Liqueurs 0.03
 Asturias 0.23 0.06 0.02b 0.02b 0.03 0.37 Dough and pastry 0.03 0.22 0.06 0.04 0.05 0.08 0.46   
        Crispbread 0.04         
Italy                 
 Ragusa 0.14   0.04   0.06 0.24 Dough and pastry 0.08 0.08 0.09 0.06    0.23 Dough, pastry 0.06
        Ice cream 0.04        Dry cakes, biscuits 0.04
 Naples          0.27 0.01b 0.05 0.04 0.04 0.42 Dough, pastry 0.03
 Florence 0.22 0.04   0.08 0.03 0.37 Chocolate, candy bars 0.02 0.21 0.04 0.05   0.01b 0.31 Dough, pastry 0.03
                Pasta, rice, other grains 0.03
 Turin 0.15 0.03b 0.08 0.04 0.02b 0.31 Soft drinks/syrups 0.05 0.14 0.07 0.08   0.02b 0.32 Pasta, rice, other grains 0.05
        Dry cakes, biscuits 0.03        Dry cakes, biscuits 0.03
 Varese 0.16 0.04 0.07 0.10 0.02b 0.39 Chocolate, candy bars 0.04 0.13 0.03b 0.05 0.05 0.04 0.29 Pasta, rice, other grains 0.06
France                 
 South coast          0.22 0.05 0.05 0.01b 0.01b 0.36 Crispbread 0.02
                Dry cakes, biscuits 0.03
 South          0.26 0.06 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.42   
 North-east          0.20 0.05 0.08 0.02b 0.03 0.37 Pasta, rice, other grains 0.03
 North-west          0.23 0.05 0.07 0.02 0.06 0.42   
Germany                 
 Heidelberg 0.03 0.08 0.05   0.01b 0.17 Fruit and vegetable juices 0.05 0.03b 0.09 0.04 0.02b 0.01b 0.19 Fruit and vegetable juices 0.07
        Chocolate, candy bars 0.04        Chocolate, candy bars 0.04
        Salty biscuits, crisps 0.03        Dry cakes, biscuits 0.04
 Potsdam 0.06 0.09 0.03 0.01b 0.03b 0.23 Fruit and vegetable juices 0.08 0.02b 0.04 0.07 0.07 0.03b 0.23 Fruit and vegetable juices 0.14
        Fruit 0.04        Chocolate, candy bars 0.03
The Netherlands                 
 Bilthoven 0.08 0.06 0.17 0.02 0.03b 0.36 Soft drinks/syrups 0.02 0.08 0.14 0.04 0.01b 0.01b 0.28 Confectionery, non-chocolate 0.04
                Fruit and vegetable juices 0.03
 Utrecht          0.08 0.15 0.07 0.02b 0.01b 0.33 Dry cakes, biscuits 0.03
                Confectionery, non-chocolate 0.03
United Kingdom              
 General  population 0.09 0.17     0.26 Breakfast cereals 0.05 0.07 0.03b 0.09 0.03   0.21 Breakfast cereals 0.11
        Confectionery, non-chocolate 0.04        Salty biscuits, crisps 0.04
 Health-  conscious 0.14     0.08 0.21 Breakfast cereals 0.12 0.13   0.07    0.19 Confectionery, non-chocolate 0.04
Denmark                 
 Copenhagen 0.13 0.04 0.07 0.01b 0.02b 0.27 Soft drinks/syrups 0.06 0.19 0.07 0.04 0.03 0.01 0.35 Breakfast cereals 0.04
        Breakfast cereals 0.05        Soft drinks/syrups 0.05
 Aarhus 0.20 0.03 0.11 0.01b 0.01b 0.37 Soft drinks/syrups 0.05 0.19 0.07 0.05 0.04 0.02b 0.37 Confectionery, non-chocolate 0.04
        Breakfast cereals 0.04         
Sweden                 
 Malmö 0.05 0.05 0.14 0.02b 0.02b 0.28 Confectionery, non-chocolate 0.06 0.04 0.07 0.10 0.04 0.01b 0.26 Confectionery, non-chocolate 0.08
        Soft drinks/syrups 0.03         
 Umeå 0.05 0.06 0.08 0.01b 0.01b 0.21 Crispbread 0.04 0.04 0.04 0.11 0.02b 0.01b 0.22 Confectionery, non-chocolate 0.09
                Crispbread 0.02
Norway        Confectionery, non-chocolate 0.04         
 South & East          0.19 0.06 0.03 0.03 0.01b 0.32 Soft drinks/syrups 0.05
          0.17 0.07 0.03b 0.03 0.01b 0.30 Fruit and vegetable juices 0.04
 North & West                Soft drinks/syrups 0.03
  1. aFood groups explaining at least 1% of variation adjusted for age. No figure is indicated if the food group did not explain at least 1% of the variation.
  2. bFood groups that were not among the first five, but which were entered in the model.