Table 1b Minimal and fully adjusted mean glycaemic load (GL)a by centre ordered from south to north, and gender

From: Dietary glycaemic index and glycaemic load in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition

Country and center Men Women
  Adjusted mean±s.e. Adjusted mean±s.e.
  N Minimal b Full c N Minimal b Full c
EPIC-wide 11 978 151.9 0.7 149.3 0.4 21 586 114.4 0.4 114.0 0.3
Greece 1139 119.8 1.7 136.0 1.2 1263 88.7 1.3 105.7 0.9
Spain           
 Granada 189 132.1 4.2 133.0 2.8 273 99.1 2.7 108.5 1.8
 Murcia 226 149.1 3.9 144.1 2.6 284 110.6 2.7 107.0 1.7
 Navarra 418 131.5 2.8 124.8 1.9 264 96.1 2.8 96.7 1.8
 San Sebastian 450 133.8 2.8 117.0 1.8 239 105.0 2.9 100.6 1.9
 Asturias 369 141.1 3.0 134.0 2.0 316 104.4 2.6 105.9 1.6
Italy           
 Ragusa 162 184.5 4.7 178.4 3.1 135 122.8 3.9 123.5 2.5
 Naples       394 119.3 2.3 122.8 1.5
 Florence 262 176.1 3.6 170.6 2.4 760 120.3 1.6 123.2 1.1
 Turin 666 171.4 2.3 168.9 1.5 385 119.1 2.3 122.8 1.5
 Varese 314 182.8 3.3 166.9 2.2 780 124.9 1.6 126.5 1.1
France           
 South coast       608 109.5 1.8 100.7 1.2
 South       1405 116.7 1.2 110.5 0.8
 North-east       2007 116.2 1.0 106.1 0.7
 North-west       619 117.1 1.8 109.2 1.2
Germany           
 Heidelberg 966 137.7 1.9 138.1 1.2 1068 107.4 1.4 106.6 0.9
 Potsdam 1136 141.6 1.7 138.3 1.1 1015 111.1 1.4 114.1 0.9
The Netherlands
 Bilthoven 1000 163.5 1.9 158.0 1.3 1066 122.8 1.4 121.4 0.9
 Utrecht       1809 121.5 1.1 116.6 0.7
United Kingdom
 General population 146 153.9 5.0 159.5 3.3 244 112.1 3.0 119.0 1.9
 Health-conscious 106 163.9 5.6 173.3 3.7 180 133.6 3.4 130.9 2.2
Denmark           
 Copenhagen 1264 150.3 1.6 144.5 1.1 1406 116.3 1.2 113.3 0.8
 Aarhus 520 160.9 2.6 148.0 1.7 470 131.7 2.1 118.0 1.3
Sweden           
 Malmö 1335 140.8 1.7 147.9 1.1 1602 107.1 1.2 109.6 0.8
 Umeå 1310 157.6 1.6 156.7 1.1 1552 118.5 1.2 118.8 0.7
Norway           
 South and East       802 118.2 1.6 117.8 1.0
 North and West       640 118.1 1.8 119.3 1.2
  1. Abbreviations: EPIC, European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition; 24-HDR, 24-h dietary recall; s.e., standard error.
  2. aBased on the glucose=100 scale.
  3. bMean nutrient intakes weighted for day of the week and season of 24-HDR.
  4. cMean nutrient intakes adjusted for age, height, weight, total energy and weighted for day of the week and season.