Table 4b Contribution to iron intake by food group (percentage) by gender

From: Variation in intakes of calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron and potassium in 10 countries in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study

  Men Women
  Country Whole cohort Country Whole cohort
  Greece Spain Italy Germany The Netherlands United Kingdom a Denmark Sweden Mean s.d. Greece Spain Italy France Germany The Netherlands United Kingdom a Denmark Norway Sweden Mean s.d.
Potatoes 0.8 2.6 1.4 1.0 2.0 1.8 5.4 4.3 2.4 1.6 1.7 2.6 0.7 1.6 1.0 1.7 1.5 4.5 1.6 1.8 1.9 1.0
Vegetables 18.3 8.5 11 8.2 6.0 8.2 6.2 4.3 8.8 4.3 21.7 12.5 13.2 11.7 11.8 7.2 10.3 8.3 5.8 6.2 10.9 4.4
Legumes 1.8 2.6 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.6 0.1 0.2 0.8 0.9 1.6 2.2 0.7 0.5 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.6 0.7
Fruit 2.8 6.8 8.7 6.9 3.3 2.9 2.5 3.2 4.6 2.4 4.0 10.4 11.4 6.9 9.5 5.1 4.8 4.3 3.9 5.4 6.6 2.7
Dairy and products 1.9 2.8 2.4 1.8 0.9 3.0 1.2 2.2 2.0 0.7 2.4 5.3 3.4 3.0 2.2 1.2 3.5 1.3 2.1 2.4 2.7 1.1
Cereals and products 39.0 22.3 26.8 27.9 32.8 39.7 39.3 29.4 32.2 6.6 36.8 22.7 27.4 25.3 26.3 31.5 38.9 40.9 38.9 28.1 31.7 6.3
Meats and products 8.7 25.6 18.6 24.6 22.9 14.1 23.2 34.5 21.5 7.8 7.2 20.7 17.5 22.9 16.3 17.0 11.1 16.6 23.8 28.3 18.1 5.8
Fish and products 14.5 8.5 2.6 1.3 1.6 4.1 2.5 2.5 4.7 4.6 15.1 8.7 2.7 4.8 1.2 1.5 3.4 2.5 2.4 2.8 4.5 4.1
Eggs 0.4 1.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.9 1.0 0.8 0.3 0.4 1.4 0.9 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.9 1.0 1.1 0.9 0.3
Fats 0.2 0 0 0.2 0 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.1 0.2 0 0 0.1 0.1 0 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.1
Sugars 0.8 0.7 1.6 1.5 5.7 1.6 1.7 2.2 2.0 1.6 1.2 1.0 2.0 2.3 2.0 5.2 1.7 2.0 2.3 2.8 2.3 1.1
Cakes 1.0 1.8 3.4 2.7 2.5 5.7 1.7 3.4 2.8 1.4 2.0 3.3 4.8 3.4 3.1 4.1 5.6 2.2 3.2 4.1 3.6 1.0
Beverages, non-alcoholic 1.5 0.7 2.5 14.0 10.8 2.7 2.7 2.3 4.7 4.9 2.2 1.5 3.8 4.4 16.6 12.0 3.8 3.9 1.9 3.0 5.3 4.7
Alcoholic beverages 5.9 10.2 15.4 3.5 2.6 7.1 9.3 3.5 7.2 4.3 1.7 2.7 6.3 7.1 4.0 4.3 6.6 8.9 5.7 4.4 5.2 2.1
Sauces 1.1 0.8 2.9 1.9 1.8 2.4 1.5 3.2 2.0 0.8 1.1 1.0 2.7 1.4 1.9 1.6 2.5 1.2 2.3 3.2 1.9 0.7
Soups 0.3 3.0 0.3 1.2 2.7 0.8 0.4 2.0 1.3 1.1 0.2 2.3 0.4 2.4 1.0 2.9 1.1 0.5 1.9 2.4 1.5 0.9
  1. Abbreviation: s.d., standard deviation.
  2. a UK general population only.
  3. The three highest food groups within each country are highlighted in bold.