Innovative materials are essential for supporting socio-economic development at all levels. As one of the 11 national double first-class disciplines at Southeast University (SEU), materials science and engineering has fuelled the success of basic and applied research evidenced by its substantial contributions to major national projects. From the Shenzhou spaceship to construction of the Three Gorges Dam, the SMSE has demonstrated strengths in scientific research, teaching, discipline development, technical commercialisation and international collaboration.
Developing multidisciplinary research
Materials sciences and engineering has a long tradition at SEU, which inaugurated programmes in engineering materials, metalcasting, and metalsmith, as early as 1928, when the institution was still called the National Central University. It has one of the nation’s first doctoral programmes in metalcasting and the first masters’ programme in inorganic non-metallic materials. These programmes were integrated to form the SMSE in 2006. In 2017, the SMSE was selected into the national ‘double first-class’ initiative for building world-leading research and teaching programmes.
Grounded in traditional strengths, SMSE’s four research areas cover metallic materials, civil engineering materials, advanced material processing, and functional materials. The department of metallic research has not only achieved great success in stainless steel and ultra-light structural materials (such as aluminium foam) for a variety of vehicles including cars, high-speed trains, aircrafts and spacecraft, but also developed novel high-performance, corrosion-resistant magnesium alloys for biomedical applications. The department of civil engineering, led by the late professor Wei Sun, and Changwen Miao, both academicians at the Chinese Academy of Engineering, focus on developing rigorous, environment-friendly concrete materials and microbiological concrete. For the department of advanced materials and processing, recent research interests focus on specialised methodologies to achieve material solidification, microstructure simulation, metastable materials, and additive manufacturing (such as 3D printing). For the department of emerging functional materials, research effort covers low-dimensional nanomaterials, inorganic and organic composites, among others, applied in fields ranging from electronics, information technology, to energy production and storage.
More recently, SEU’s interdisciplinary research capabilities in electronics, information technology, biomedicine, energy and environment, physics, chemistry, and mechanics have been geared towards socioeconomic needs of the region and the nation.
SMSE is strong in technical transfer and commercialisation, and has been an active participant in major transformation projects of Jiangsu Province. Their annual patent applications number more than 100, with about 50 percent granted. As a powerhouse serving local industrial needs in the Yangtze River Delta, the SMSE works closely with local enterprises. Its extensive network of partnerships has seen at least one joint R&D centre open each year, allowing for research commercialisation.
Targeting technical advancement and economic efficiency, their efforts have won seven scientific and technological awards on various provincial, ministerial and national levels. Taking advantage of its new discoveries in materials and related fields, the SMSE sets out to develop key technologies for the future development of science and technology.