Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


‘Oceans are hugely complex’: modelling marine microbes is key to climate forecasts

Satellite image of swirling phytoplankton blooms in green and blue colours

Swirls of phytoplankton blooms (green and light blue) in the South Atlantic Ocean in 2021. Credit: NASA/ZUMA Wire/Shutterstock

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Prices vary by article type



Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Nature 623, 250-252 (2023)



  1. Kwiatkowski, L. et al. Biogeosciences 17, 3439–3470 (2020).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Tittensor, D. P. et al. Nature Clim. Change 11, 973–981 (2021).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Lima-Mendez, G. et al. Science 348, 1262073 (2015).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  4. Caputi, L. et al. Glob. Biogeochem. Cycles 33, 391–419 (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Browning, T. J. et al. Nature 621, 330–335 (2023).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  6. Ryan-Keogh, T. J., Thomalla, S. J., Monteiro, P. M. S. & Tagliabue, A. Science 379, 834–840 (2023).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  7. Thomalla, S. J., Nicholson, S.-A., Ryan-Keogh, T. J. & Smith, M. E. Nature Clim. Change 13, 975–984 (2023).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Browning, T. J. & Moore, C. M. Nature Commun. 14, 5014 (2023).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  9. Saito, M. A. et al. Science 345, 1173–1177 (2014).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  10. Le Quéré, C. et al. Biogeosciences 13, 4111–4133 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Hawco, N. J., Tagliabue, A. & Twining, B. S. Glob. Biogeochem. Cycles 36, e2022GB007382 (2022).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Frémont, P. et al. Nature Clim. Change 12, 393–401 (2022).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Bian, V., Cai, M. & Follett, C. L. Nature Commun. 14, 1445 (2023).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  14. McCain, J. S. P. et al. Sci. Adv. 7, eabg6501 (2021).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  15. Casey, J. R. et al. Sci. Adv. 8, eabl4930 (2022).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references

Competing Interests

A.T. is UK representative on the GEOTRACES scientific steering committee and co-organizer of BioGeoSCAPES scientific scoping workshops.


Latest on:

Nature Careers


Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing


Quick links