Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


Vaccination rates are falling, and it’s not just the COVID-19 vaccine that people are refusing

An illustration of a boy and a girl holding an umbrella. Rain drops are viruses, only Covid-19 viruses penetrate the umbrella.

Credit: Oli Winward

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Prices vary by article type



Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Nature 612, S44-S46 (2022)


This article is part of Nature Outlook: Children‘s health, an editorially independent supplement produced with the financial support of third parties. About this content.


  1. Causey, K. et al. Lancet 398, 522–534 (2021).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  2. Ho, L. L. et al. Int. J. Infect. Dis. 119, 201–209 (2022).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  3. Li, M. et al. Vaccines 10, 1316 (2022).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  4. Szilagyi, P. G. et al. Pediatrics 148, e2021052335 (2021).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  5. Stoeckel, F., Carter, C., Lyons, B. A. & Reifler, J. Eur. J. Public Health 32, 636–642 (2022).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references


Latest on:

Nature Careers


Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing


Quick links