Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


Prehistoric rubbish hints that early cooks cared about flavour

Composite of two black-and-white scanning electron microscope images of carbonized food remains.

Ancient fragments found in Franchti Cave, in Greece, proved to be a bread-like food (left), whereas those in Shanidar Cave in Iraqi Kurdistan contained peas and related plants. Credit: Ceren Kabukcu

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.



  1. Kabukcu, C. et al. Antiquity (2022).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references


Nature Careers


Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing


Quick links