Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


Genetic risk of smoking and alcohol use examined

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.


‘Expert opinion’ and the figure are published under a CC BY 4.0 licence.


  1. Liu, M. et al. Nature Genet. 51, 237–244 (2019).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  2. The Tobacco and Genetics Consortium. Nature Genet. 42, 441–447 (2010).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  3. McGuire, D. et al. Nature Commun. 12, 1964 (2021).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  4. Chen, F. et al. Nature Genet. (in the press).

Download references


Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing


Quick links