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Empirical data are crucial for developing risk-management and governance strategies for floods and droughts (H. Kreibich et al. Nature608, 80–86; 2022). Pending business-case approval, UK Research and Innovation — the government’s main research-funding body — intends to award £38 million (US$44 million) to the Natural Environment Research Council to create a digitally enabled research infrastructure for building resilience against such catastrophes (go.nature.com/3cw1mfn).