Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


Risk management alone fails to limit the impact of extreme climate events

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Nature 608, 41-43 (2022)



  1. Kreibich, H. et al. Nature 608, 80–86 (2022).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Ishtiaque, A., Estoque, R. C., Eakin, H., Parajuli, J. & Rabby, Y. W. J. Environ. Mgmt 303, 114246 (2022).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Thomas, K. et al. WIREs Clim. Change 10, e565 (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Nelson, D. R. & Finan, T. J. Am. Anthropol. 111, 302–316 (2009).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Nelson, D. R., Lemos, M. C., Eakin, H. & Lo, Y.-J. Environ. Res. Lett. 11, 094011 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Tellman, B. et al. Nature 596, 80–86 (2021).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  7. Wing, O. E. J. et al. Nature Clim. Change 12, 156–162 (2022).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Nohrstedt, D., Hileman, J., Mazzoleni, M., Di Baldassarre, G. & Parker, C. F. Nature Commun. 13, 3360 (2022).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  9. Berrang-Ford, L. et al. Nature Clim. Change 11, 989–1000 (2021).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Eriksen, S. et al. World Dev. 141, 105383 (2021).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Belury, L. Geogr. Rev. (2022).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Eakin, H. et al. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 114, 186–189 (2017).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  13. Ajibade, I. J. & Siders, A. R. (eds) Global Views on Climate Relocation and Social Justice: Navigating Retreat (Routledge, 2021).

    Google Scholar 

  14. Newell, P., Srivastava, S., Naess, L. O., Torres Contreras, G. A. & Price, R. WIREs Clim. Change 12, e733 (2021).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. IPCC. Climate Change 2022: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability. Working Group II Contribution to the IPCC Sixth Assessment Report (eds Pörtner, H.-O. et al.) (Cambridge Univ. Press, 2022).

    Google Scholar 

  16. Surminski, S., Bouwer, L. M. & Linnerooth-Bayer, J. Nature Clim. Change 6, 333–334 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Huq, S., Roberts, E. & Fenton, A. Nature Clim. Change 3, 947–949 (2013).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Competing Interests

The authors declare no competing interests.


Nature Careers


Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing


Quick links