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New species can hide in plain sight. A popular Asian fruit tree given the scientific name Artocarpus odoratissimus has been considered a single species by Western science for almost two centuries, despite some Indigenous peoples of Asia applying two names to the tree. But a genetic study1 now confirms that the evergreens that researchers have been lumping together as A. odoratissimus actually belong to two species — as reflected in their Indigenous names, each of which refers to a distinct variety of the tree.