Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


COVID derailed learning for 1.6 billion students. Here’s how schools can help them catch up

A class of teenage girls wearing face masks and red blazers sit at their desks during a lesson in India

Students in India in March; schools there were closed for months earlier in the pandemic. Credit: Saqib Majeed/SOPA Images/LightRocket/Getty

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Prices vary by article type



Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Nature 605, 608-611 (2022)



  1. Hattie, J. Visible Learning: A Synthesis of Over 800 Meta-Analyses Relating to Achievement (Routledge, 2008).

    Google Scholar 

  2. Education Endowment Foundation. Impact of School Closures on the Attainment Gap: Rapid Evidence Assessment (EEF, 2020).

    Google Scholar 

  3. Global Education Evidence Advisory Panel. Cost-Effective Approaches to Improve Global Learning (World Bank, 2020).

    Google Scholar 

  4. Lortie-Forgues, H. & Inglis, M. Educ. Res. 8, 158–166 (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references


Latest on:

Nature Careers


Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing


Quick links