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In December 2021, the National People’s Congress of China released a draft law on the protection of black soil, noted for its high humus and nutrient content and strong structure. To align with the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework under discussion at the United Nations Biodiversity Conference (COP-15) in Kunming, China, later this year, the soil law and the national action plan on black-soil protection must be strengthened to include specific and measurable requirements for biodiversity protection.