Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


Neural networks overtake humans in Gran Turismo racing game

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Nature 602, 213-214 (2022)



  1. Wurman, P. R. et al. Nature 602, 223–228 (2022).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Spielberg, N. A., Brown, M., Kapania, N. R., Kegelman, J. C. & Gerdes, J. C. Sci. Robot. 4, eaaw1975 (2019).

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Fujiyoshi, H., Hirakawa, T. & Yamashita, T. IATSS Res. 43, 244–252 (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Competing Interests

Kazunori Yamauchi, the director of Gran Turismo, visited the Center for Automotive Research at Stanford in 2018 to give one of our Open Garage talks. The team at Polyphony Digital gave away several copies of the game, a racing wheel and a Sony PS4, together with the talk, and left consoles and wheels at the laboratory for students to use.


Nature Careers


Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing


Quick links