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Your conclusion that industry scores higher than academia for job satisfaction (Nature600, 8; 2021) doesn’t factor in how this can vary at different career stages. Inspection of the raw data from the Nature-sponsored survey (see go.nature.com/3eqc) indicates that dissatisfaction is highest among young scientists in academia. Greater financial and institutional support is essential to help this group to overcome their difficulties. It would also be an investment in the future.