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Marine urban sprawl is gobbling up Earth’s coastlines

Container terminals on Vancouver Harbour with the city in the background

Container terminals in Vancouver, Canada, where artificial structures ‘armour’ 75% of the coastline. Credit: James MacDonald/Bloomberg/Getty

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Nature 599, 10 (2021)



  1. 1.

    Floerl, O. et al. Nature Sustain. (2021).

    Article  Google Scholar 

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