Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


Bacteria recycle tumour waste to fuel immune cells

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Prices vary by article type



Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Nature 598, 570-571 (2021)



  1. Geiger, R. et al. Cell 167, 829–842 (2016).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  2. Hou, A. J., Chen, L. C. & Chen, Y. Y. Nature Rev. Drug Discov. 20, 531–550 (2021).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  3. Canale, F. P. et al. Nature 598, 662–666 (2021).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Spinelli, J. B. et al. Science 358, 941–946 (2017).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  5. Forbes, N. S. Nature Rev. Cancer 10, 785–794 (2010).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  6. Ou, B. et al. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol. 100, 8693–8699 (2016).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  7. Duong, M. T.-Q. et al. Exp. Mol. Med. 51, 152 (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Competing Interests

The authors declare no competing interests.


Latest on:

Nature Careers


Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing


Quick links