Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


Reproducibility: expect less of the scientific paper

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Prices vary by article type



Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Nature 597, 329-331 (2021)



  1. Amaral, O. B., Neves, K., Wasilewska-Sampaio, A. P. & Carneiro, C. F. eLife 8, e41602 (2019).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  2. Cordero, R. J. B., de León-Rodriguez, C. M., Alvarado-Torres, J. K., Rodriguez, A. R. & Casadevall, A. PLoS ONE 11, e0156983 (2016).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  3. Errington, T. M. et al. eLife 3, e04333 (2014).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Camerer, C. F. et al. Nature Hum. Behav. 2, 637–644 (2018).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  5. Haig, B. Preprint at PsyArXiv (2020).

  6. Brembs, B., Button, K. & Munafò, M. Front. Hum. Neurosci. 7, 291 (2013).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  7. Carneiro, C. F. D. et al. Res. Integr. Peer Rev. 5, 16 (2020).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  8. Yarkoni, T. Behav. Brain Sci. (2020).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Kimmelman, J., Mogil, J. S. & Dirnagl, U. PLoS Biol. 12, e1001863 (2014).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  10. Lithgow, G. J., Driscoll, M. & Phillips, P. Nature 548, 387–388 (2017).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  11. Raphael, M. P., Sheehan, P. E. & Vora, G. J. Nature 579, 190–192 (2020).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  12. Drude, N. I., Gamboa, L. M., Danziger, M., Dirnagl, U. & Toelch, U. eLife 10, e62101 (2021).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references

Competing Interests

The authors declare no competing interests.


Latest on:

Nature Careers


Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing


Quick links