Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


How ancient people fell in love with bread, beer and other carbs

Pillars and sunken steps make up the ruins of the Göbekli Tepe archaeological site, Turkey.

Grains were on the menu at feasts that took place more than 11,000 years ago at Göbekli Tepe in Turkey — one of the world’s oldest temples. Credit: Vincent J. Musi

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Prices vary by article type



Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Nature 594, 488-491 (2021)



  1. Dietrich, L. et al. PLoS ONE 14, e0215214 (2019).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  2. Heun, M. et al. Science 278, 1312–1314 (1997).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Valamoti, S. M. Veget. Hist. Archaeobot. 11, 17–22 (2002).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Valamoti, S. M. et al. J. Archaeol. Sci. 128, 105347 (2021).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Inchley, C. E. et al. Sci. Rep. 6, 37198 (2016).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  6. Larbey, C., Mentzer, S. M., Ligouis, B., Wurz, S. & Jones, M. K. J. Hum. Evol. 131, 210–227 (2019).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  7. Henry, A. G., Brooks, A. S. & Piperno, D. R. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 108, 486–491 (2011).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  8. Fellows Yates, J. A. et al. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 118, e2021655118 (2021).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  9. Heiss, A. G. et al. PLoS ONE 15, e0231696 (2020).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  10. Arranz-Otaegui, A., Gonzalez Carretero, L., Ramsey, M. N., Fuller, D. Q. & Richter, T. Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA 115, 7925–7930 (2018).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  11. Dietrich, L. & Haibt, M. J. Archaeol. Sci. Rep. 33, 102525 (2020).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Dietrich, L. et al. J. Archaeol. Sci. Rep. 34, 102618 (2020).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references


Latest on:

Nature Careers


  • Associate or Senior Editor

    Job Title: Associate or Senior Editor, Research Cross-Journal Editorial Team, Nature Portfolio Full Time, Permanent Role Location: Shanghai, Beijin...

    New York City, New York (US)

    Springer Nature Ltd

  • 2 PhD Student Positions and 1 Post-Doctoral Position

    The DFG-funded Collaborative Research Center CRC 1644 “Phenotypic plasticity in plants - mechanisms, constraints and evolution”, hosted at the Un...

    Potsdam, Brandenburg (DE)

    Universität Potsdam

  • Fully-funded PhD positions on perovskite and tandem solar cell - ANU - world's top 30 university

    Join a world-class photovoltaics research group, contribute to the development of the next generation of solar cells at ANU- world's top 30 university

    Canberra, Australian Capital Territory (AU)

    The Australian National University- School of Engineering

  • Assistant Professor

    The Division of Immunobiology within the Department of Pathology and Immunology at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis is seeking...

    Saint Louis, Missouri

    Washington University in Saint Louis Division of Immunobiology

  • Become a Harvard Radcliffe Institute Fellow

    Harvard Radcliffe Institute fellows are exceptional scientists, writers, s...

    Cambridge, Massachusetts

    Harvard Radcliffe Institute

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing


Quick links