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US officials are discussing whether the National Science Foundation (NSF) — which funds about 25% of all basic academic research in the country — should get a historic budget boost, potentially changing the US science landscape. During congressional hearings last week, legislators evaluated proposals that would increase the agency’s funding by as much as US$100 billion over about five years. Any of these, if passed, would represent one of the largest increases for the NSF since it launched nearly 70 years ago.