Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


Neural interface translates thoughts into type

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.


All prices are NET prices.

Nature 593, 197-198 (2021)



  1. Willett, F. R., Avansino, D. T., Hochberg, L. R., Henderson, J. M. & Shenoy, K. V. Nature 593, 249–254 (2021).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Mott, M. E., Williams, S., Wobbrock, J. O. & Morris, M. R. in Proc. 2017 CHI Conf. Human Factors in Computing Systems 2558–2570 (ACM, 2017).

    Google Scholar 

  3. Hochberg, L. R. et al. Nature 442, 164–171 (2006).

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Hochberg, L. R. et al. Nature 485, 372–375 (2012).

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Collinger, J. L. et al. Lancet 381, 557–564 (2013).

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Pandarinath, C. et al. eLife 6, e18554 (2017).

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Ajiboye, A. B. et al. Lancet 389, 1821–1830 (2017).

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Rezeika, A. et al. Brain Sci. 8, 57 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Sussillo, D., Stavisky, S. D., Kao, J. C., Ryu, S. I. & Shenoy, K. V. Nature Commun. 7, 13749 (2016).

    PubMed  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references


Nature Careers


Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing


Quick links