Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting nature.com. You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.

Five centuries of human observation reveal Europe’s flood history

Access options

Buy article

Get time limited or full article access on ReadCube.

$32.00

All prices are NET prices.

Nature 583, 522-524 (2020)

doi: https://doi.org/10.1038/d41586-020-02138-2

Updates & Corrections

  • Correction 06 August 2020: An earlier version of this News & Views article erroneously stated that the average yearly costs of flooding in Europe between 1870 and 2016 were 0.8–0.9% of gross domestic product.

References

  1. Blöschl, G. et al. Nature 583, 560–566 (2020).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Paprotny, D., Sebastian, A., Morales-Nápoles, O. & Jonkman, S. N. Nature Commun. 9, 1985 (2018).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  3. Ludlow, F. in At the Anvil: Essays in Honour of William J. Smyth (eds Duffy, P. J. & Nolan, W.) Ch. 5 (Geography Publs, 2012).

    Google Scholar 

  4. Freeman, A. M. (ed.) Annála Connacht: The Annals of Connacht, A.D. 1224–1544 (Dublin Inst. Advanced Studies, 1944).

    Google Scholar 

  5. Brooks, C. E. P. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. 54, 309–317 (1928).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Chambers, F. M. & Brain, S. A. Holocene 12, 239–249 (2002).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Pfister, C. & Wanner, H. Past Glob. Changes Mag. 10, 2 (2002).

    Google Scholar 

  8. Brázdil, R., Pfister, C., Wanner, H., Von Storch, H. & Luterbacher, J. Clim. Change 70, 363–430 (2005).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. White, S., Pfister, C. & Mauelshagen, F. (eds) The Palgrave Handbook of Climate History (Palgrave Macmillan, 2018).

    Google Scholar 

  10. Camenisch, C., Bauch, M., Huhtamaa, H., Pei, Q. & White, S. Past Glob. Changes Mag. 27, 73 (2019).

    Google Scholar 

  11. Blöschl, G. et al. Nature 573, 108–111 (2019).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  12. Gao, C., Ludlow, F., Amir, O. & Kostick, C. Quat. Int. 394, 180–193 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Pfister, C. et al. Clim. Change 131, 191–198 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Huijs, J., Pirngruber, R. & van Leeuwen, B. in A History of Market Performance: From Ancient Babylonia to the Modern World (eds van der Spek, R. J., van Leeuwen, B. & van Zanden, J. L.) 128–148 (Routledge, 2015).

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Subjects

Nature Careers

Jobs

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing

Search

Quick links