Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


The oceans’ twilight zone must be studied now, before it is too late

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Prices vary by article type



Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Nature 580, 26-28 (2020)



  1. Hidalgo, M. & Browman, H. J. ICES J. Mar. Sci. 76, 609–615 (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Drazen, J. C. Res. Ideas Outcomes 5, e33527 (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Seibel, B. A. & Wishner, K. F. in Ocean Deoxygenation: Everyone’s Problem (eds Laffoley, D. & Baxter, J. M.) Ch. 8.1, 265–276 (IUCN, 2019).

    Google Scholar 

  4. DeVries, T., Primeau, F. & Deutsch, C. Geophys. Res. Lett. 39, L13601 (2012).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Giering, S. L. et al. Nature 507, 480–483 (2014).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  6. Davison, P. C., Checkley, D. M., Koslow, J. A. & Barlow, J. Progr. Oceanogr. 116, 14–30 (2013).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Irigoien, X. et al. Nature Commun. 5, 3271 (2014).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  8. Mayor, D. M., Sanders, R., Giering, S. L. C. & Anderson, T. R. Bioessays 36, 1132113 (2014).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Boyd, P. W., Claustre, H., Levy, M., Siegel, D. & Weber, T. Nature 568, 327–335 (2019).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  10. Kwon, E. Y., Primeau, F. & Sarmiento, J. L. Nature Geosci. 2, 630–635 (2009).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Briggs, N., Dall’Olmo, G. & Claustre, H. Science 367, 791–793 (2020).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  12. Guidi, L. et al. Nature 532, 465–470 (2016).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  13. Behrenfeld, M. J. et al. Nature 576, 257–261 (2019).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references


Latest on:

Nature Careers


Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing


Quick links