Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


When will the Amazon hit a tipping point?

An aerial view of deforestation in the Amazon basin forest of Brazil.

Deforestation in Altamira, Pará state, Brazil. Credit: Joao Laet/AFP via Getty

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Prices vary by article type



Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Nature 578, 505-507 (2020)



  1. Nobre, C. A. et al. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 113, 10759–10768 (2016).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  2. Marengo, J. A. & Espinoza, J. C. Int. J. Climat. 36, 1033–1050 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Esquivel-Muelbert, A. et al. Glob. Change. Biol. 25, 39–56 (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Staal, A. et al. Nature Clim. Change 8, 539–543 (2018).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Lovejoy, T. E. & Nobre, C. Sci. Adv. 4, eaat2340 (2018)

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  6. Lovejoy, T. E. & Nobre, C. Sci. Adv. 5, eaba2949 (2019).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  7. Jiang, M. et al. Preprint at bioRxiv (2019).

  8. Brando, P. M. et al. Sci. Adv. 6, eaay1632 (2020).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  9. Poorter, L. et al. Nature 530, 211–214 (2016).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  10. Elias, F. et al. Ecology (2019).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Levis, C. et al. Nature Ecol. Evol. 4, 172–173 (2020).

    Article  PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references


Latest on:

Nature Careers


Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing


Quick links