Greta Thunberg sat in front of the Swedish parliament in Stockholm last August for the first ever ‘school strike for climate’. One year on, the teenage activist’s Fridays for Future campaign has grown into a global movement involving people of all ages and backgrounds, including many scientists and scholars.
As government and business leaders flock to New York City for the United Nations Climate Summit next week, millions of people in hundreds of cities worldwide are expected to take to the streets today to demand stronger action on climate change. Commitments made so far by nations to the 2015 Paris agreement are unlikely to keep the rise in average global temperature below 1.5C.
Nature spoke with scientists striking in cities around the world about their motives and expectations.
Instead of carrying a sign, like most people at the climate strike in Mexico City, Ana Wegier was holding her three-year old son. “I believe it’s super important for him to grow up participating in these events,” she says as the boy savoured a popsicle to beat the heat.
Wegier and her son took to the streets downtown along with an estimated 3,000 protestors to participate in one of the 92 registered climate strikes across the country.
As a population geneticist at the Botanical Garden of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) in Mexico City, Wegier is most worried about the “silent” consequences of a warmer planet. These include the ways that climate change is reducing the genetic diversity of crops and plants upon which millions of people depend. “What we’re losing is the opportunity to survive many of the changes to come,” she says.
Nearby, conservation biologist Jesús Pacheco Rodríguez marched with members of his laboratory from UNAM’s Institute of Ecology. They stretched a red banner with the legend “Stop Extinction” as fellow protesters unleashed chants of “You can see it, you can feel it! The Earth is heating up!”
“We’re going through the worst environmental crisis,” says Pacheco Rodríguez. “It’s really important that both academics and regular people come together. If we don’t do that now, it’ll be too late afterwards.”
The effects of climate change have already started hitting Mexico City, says urban ecologist Luis Zambrano, who came to the protest with around 12 members of the group he leads at UNAM’s Institute of Biology.
Most of the city’s drinking water comes from a vast underground aquifer that is recharged during the rainy season. But precipitation patterns have changed dramatically in the past years: they are more intense now, flooding the city and preventing water from infiltrating into the soil. Zambrano’s research predicts that this will translate into less available water in the near future.
But Zambrano has hope that the climate strike will be a turning point in the way many Mexicans think about climate change. “This is the start of what needs to happen in this city and this country,” he says.
In Denver, Colorado, climate strikers turned out under sunny skies to march from the city’s main train station to the gold-domed state capitol building.
Kirsten Blagg, a graduate student in physics at the Colorado School of Mines in nearby Golden, was sporting a “Think Science” t-shirt she got when ordering a piece of equipment for her laboratory. She came to her first climate march to support the students who have been organizing the global strikes, and to help send a message to politicians that many people care about climate change.
“It’s pretty frustrating when scientists with real knowledge don’t get listened to,” she said. “I just wanted to put another body on the street.”
Rhea Esposito, an ecologist and science educator at the National Ecological Observatory Network in Boulder, also said she was marching to try to keep public and political attention on the issue. “That’s the point of a demonstration like this,” she said. “The climate crisis is the number-one issue that we are facing as a species.”
Esposito has worked in behavioural ecology, and at one point studied the nesting habits of both crows and magpies in Wyoming. She saw firsthand how crows were moving into the area and shifting the ecological balance — nowhere near a significant impact as what humans are facing from climate change, she said, but still an indication of how the world is now changing. Esposito has also seen climate change closer to home, such as with the increasing numbers of forest fires in Colorado.
New York City
Climate activists filled streets in downtown New York City today as they marched to the southern tip of Manhattan island, where Thunberg is set to speak.
Corey Lesk, a climate scientist who is currently studying for a doctoral degree, was among several dozen researchers from Columbia University’s Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory in Palisades, New York, who attended the protest.
Lesk says the world should have acted aggressively on climate change decades ago, and he is sceptical that the global climate rallies will change the political dynamic. That is one reason why he decided to study climate adaptation, focusing on the future of food and agriculture. Nonetheless, Lesk helped organize Lamont’s contingent and came armed with three signs. He gave two away but kept the third, which reads “Keep it in the ground.”
“That’s the safest place for carbon,” Lesk says.
The rally briefly turned chaotic when police wrestled a teenage girl to the ground after she allegedly struck an officer who was ordering people off the street. Lesk was among dozens of nearby protesters chanting, “Close the street! Keep us safe!”
Minutes later, the march from a square near New York’s city hall to Battery Park began. The Lamont researchers were quickly swept up in a crowd that police estimated at more than 30,000.
The sun was shining as thousands of protesters descended on Westminster to demand stronger action on climate change. Chants of “What do we want? Climate justice! When do we want it? Now!” rang out as people — among them scientists and students from some of the city’s major research universities — navigated the packed streets.
“I’m striking for the same reason that I research climate change,” says Neil Grant, a PhD student at the Grantham Institute for Climate Change and the Environment at Imperial College London. “It is a huge societal problem we need to face. My research is aimed at helping to find solutions. But I can’t just engage with climate change intellectually, I need to engage practically.”
He says the UK government isn’t doing enough on climate change. “I’m hoping that politicians and those in power will listen to the voices of the strikers. In the UK, that might look like bringing forward the ban on petrol and diesel vehicles and making more use of onshore wind [power],” he says.
Grant adds that the Grantham Institute has been supportive of the movement — and although it hasn’t formally condoned people walking out of work, it encouraged researchers to attend the rally and do outreach, giving out information on climate science to those in the crowd.
Karen Yates, a condensed-matter physicist at Imperial College London, chose to attend the strike on her non-working day. For her, the strike is about raising awareness.
“I would like to ensure that the issues surrounding climate change are kept in the news so that we can discuss them as a society,” she says. The effects of climate change are already leading to mass migrations and suffering, she says. “The need to address the conditions leading to climate change is therefore one of social justice.”
In Delhi, schoolchildren and hundreds of university students joined climate strikes, demanding immediate action to fight climate change and an end to the city’s chronic pollution problem. Protestors carried placards and shouted slogans — “We want to breathe clean!” — demanding an end to air and plastics pollution.
But most scientists from publicly funded research institutes kept away from the strikes, which pose a dilemma for Indian researchers. Some scientists who asked to remain anonymous told Nature said there was no buzz about the strikes within the academic community. By striking, they may appear to be “making a statement against the Indian government, and accusing it of not doing anything, whereas governments in developing countries in general have committed to mitigate climate change”, says Tejal Kanitkar, a climate researcher at the National Institute for Advanced Studies in Bangalore.
Today was microbiologist Michael Kertesz’s first time protesting about climate change. His purpose for participating was to highlight the impact the planet’s warming is having on oceans.
“Fifty percent of the photosynthesis done on Earth is done by microbes in the sea,” says Kertesz, from the University of Sydney. But rising sea temperatures are having a significant effect on those processes, he says. “The Brazilian rainforests are on fire, but what’s happening in the ocean is even worse.”
The researcher joined a handful of colleagues — and tens of thousands of Sydney citizens, including university students, academics, environmental organizations, school students and their parents — as they marched through the city’s streets. The event was one of at least a dozen around Australia today.
Kertesz wants Australia’s government, led by the right-wing Liberal-National coalition, to transition the country away from coal and oil use and make strong investments in renewable energy.
After marching through the city’s centre, the protesters gathered at a central park. There, school students spoke about how climate change was exacerbating the drought afflicting much of the state of New South Wales, and climate activists from the South Pacific island Tuvalu spoke about sea levels rising around the coral atoll.
Ecologist Glenda Wardle, also from the University of Sydney, joined the strike because she thinks people’s actions can make a difference. “We each value nature in different ways, but today the collective voice said we want immediate action on climate change.”
Wardle says her team’s long-term studies in the Simpson Desert in central Australia show that global warming is contributing to longer, warmer droughts and bigger floods. Extra rain can make vegetation grow faster, which can lead to more frequent wildfires, she says. Wardle is also concerned about how warming will influence water scarcity and disease outbreaks in the desert and other ecosystems, which could potentially accelerate rates of species extinction.
Nature 573, 472-473 (2019)
This article is part of Covering Climate Now, a global collaboration of more than 250 media outlets to highlight the issue of climate change.