Skip to main content

Thank you for visiting You are using a browser version with limited support for CSS. To obtain the best experience, we recommend you use a more up to date browser (or turn off compatibility mode in Internet Explorer). In the meantime, to ensure continued support, we are displaying the site without styles and JavaScript.


Trophy heads reveal the Inca Empire’s reign of terror

Reconstructed skull with perforations from Iglesia Colorada

Rope might have been strung through the holes drilled in this skull, which was found in a centuries-old rubbish dump in modern Chile. Credit: F. Garrido & C. Morales

Access options

Rent or buy this article

Prices vary by article type



Prices may be subject to local taxes which are calculated during checkout

Nature 572, 566-567 (2019)




Latest on:

Nature Briefing

Sign up for the Nature Briefing newsletter — what matters in science, free to your inbox daily.

Get the most important science stories of the day, free in your inbox. Sign up for Nature Briefing


Quick links